Key Factors Affecting the Choice of Contraceptive Method and Knowledge Level Assessment around the Subject in Adolescents, Young Adults, Georgia

Avtandil Tsutskiridze, Lasha Loria


Background:  Sexual and reproductive health are crucial issues for adolescents and young adults. However, detailed national Georgian data about sexual behaviors and contraceptive use is lacking. Until now, health care programs, family planning efforts have predominantly focused on female population. Fact indicates that- decisions should be made by partners together. Both sides have to be involved equally. A medical-psychological-sociological literature review shows that, beyond the contraceptive failure it is essential to spot high risk situations and focus on the meaning behind these statistics. This article aims to critically review and summarizes some of the key findings regarding the level of knowledge about contraception methods based on various sources. Literature overview aims to explore the trends, patterns, and factors influencing the use of contraception in Georgia, based on recent studies and statistic. In the text, we will be taking a deep dive into the literature available on various contraceptive methods available in Georgia and the factors that affect their usage.

Methods:   The PubMed, Google scholar, Science Direct searched for articles published from 2000 with the following key words: “Contraceptive Method”; “contraception”; “Birth Control”; “Woman’s Health”; “Contraceptive Failure”;  “Unintended Pregnancies”. Articles without abstract, and those articles whose titles were not relevant to the purpose of this review were excluded. Most of the articles (more than 150 from total 178) were published in English. Also, non-English manuscripts were excluded.

Result: Totally 178 manuscripts were found.  Most of the articles (150 from total 178) were published in English.  Out of 150 articles 45 were Research article and 105 were review article. 

Conclusions: Further research is needed to clarify The Factors that influence the Choice of Contraceptive Method among Georgian adolescents and young adults. As well as, Knowledge Level Assessment around the Subject needs to be updated

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